In the summer of 1844, Millerites came to believe that Jesus would return on October 22, 1844, understood to be the biblical Day of Atonement for that year.
When this did not happen (an event known as the "Great Disappointment"), most of his followers disbanded and returned to their original churches.
The foremost proponent of Sabbath-keeping among early Adventists was Joseph Bates.
Much of the theology of the Seventh-day Adventist Church corresponds to common Protestant Christian teachings, such as the Trinity and the infallibility of Scripture.
Distinctive teachings include the unconscious state of the dead and the doctrine of an investigative judgment.
The church is known for its emphasis on diet and health, its "holistic" understanding of the person, The world church is governed by a General Conference, with smaller regions administered by divisions, union conferences, and local conferences.
It currently has a worldwide baptized membership of about 19.1 million people.
As with any religious movement, a theological spectrum exists within Adventism comparable to the fundamentalist-moderate-liberal spectrum in the wider Christian church and in other religions.
A variety of groups, movements or subcultures within the church present differing views on beliefs and lifestyle.
Preble, who in turn had been influenced by Rachel Oakes Preston, a young Seventh Day Baptist.
This message was gradually accepted and formed the topic of the first edition of the church publication The Present Truth (now the Adventist Review), which appeared in July 1849.
Acceptance of either of the church's two baptismal vows is a prerequisite for membership.
The following statement of beliefs is not meant to be read or received as a "creed" that is set in theological concrete.
Over the next few decades this understanding of a sanctuary in heaven developed into the doctrine of the investigative judgment, an eschatological process that commenced in 1844, in which every person would be judged to verify their eligibility for salvation and God's justice will be confirmed before the universe.