These were privately funded ventures, intended to claim land for England, conduct trade, and return a profit.
In 1620, Plymouth in present-day Massachusetts was settled by Pilgrims from the Mayflower, beginning the history of permanent European settlement in New England.
After the Glorious Revolution in 1689, Bostonians overthrew royal governor Sir Edmund Andros.
With the Atlantic fall line lying so close to the coast, numerous industrial cities were able to take advantage of water power along the numerous rivers, such as the Connecticut River, which bisects the region from north to south.
Each state is principally subdivided into small incorporated municipalities known as towns, many of which are governed by town meetings. Census Bureau's nine regional divisions and the only multi-state region with clear, consistent boundaries.
The Connecticut River Valley includes parts of Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Connecticut, and linked different indigenous communities culturally, linguistically, and politically.
On April 10, 1606, King James I of England issued a charter for each of the Virginia Companies, London and Plymouth.
In 1688, the former Dutch colonies of New York, East New Jersey, and West New Jersey were added to the Dominion.
The union was imposed from the outside and contrary to the rooted democratic tradition of the region, and it was highly unpopular among the colonists.
In 1692, the town of Salem, Massachusetts and surrounding areas experienced one of the most infamous cases of mass hysteria in the history of the Western Hemisphere, the Salem witch trials.
In the late 18th century, political leaders from the New England Colonies known as the Sons of Liberty initiated resistance to Britain's efforts to impose new taxes without the consent of the colonists.
By 1686, King James II had become concerned about the increasingly independent ways of the colonies, including their self-governing charters, their open flouting of the Navigation Acts, and their growing military power.